Mattress or futon? Curiosity on the Japanese mattress:

The futon, literally translatable into a roll-up mattress, is the traditional bed of Japanese culture. The term refers to the set of components of the bed and is composed of a basic mattress with the aim of isolating from the ground, another padded mattress, a quilt and, of course, a pillow that can be made of cereals or seeds, so that it adapts perfectly to the shape of the head.

Increasingly appreciated by Westerners and the bearer of considerable advantages, however, the futon is not suitable for everyone and it is advisable to make several considerations before buying one.

Futon: how it is done and its benefits?

The futon mattress is composed of layers of carded cotton as a base element and may contain virgin wool, latex plates that increase ergonomics, and coconut fiber sheets, to give breathability, rigidity and greater stability.

This arrangement and the cotton allow perspiration, ensuring the preservation of body heat during the winter and guaranteeing freshness and breathability, instead, in the summer months. Moreover, in the more modern ones, it is possible to find layers in memory foam, which make them softer and more comfortable, maintaining the classic naturalness and sustainability of the Japanese bed.

The futon is ideal for the back and can, in fact, counteract known problems related to posture and the spine does not hinder circulation and is able to adapt to the body.


In the West the custom of laying the futon on a raised base was born, considering it as any mattress, but traditionally it is laid directly on the floor, on a particular floor called tatami. Composed of rectangular or square panels, the tatami is constructed with frames of various materials (originally wood) which are then covered with woven and pressed rice straw.

It is believed that the use and spread of the futon in Japan are due to the known custom of removing shoes before entering a home.

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